Key Facts

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg at one glance! Here you will find a brief summary of the most important facts and figures.

Key Facts


    At one glance

    Official name

    Grand Duchy of Luxembourg


    Euro ​(EUR)


    National language: Luxembourgish (Lëtzebuergesch)
    Administrative languages: French, German and Luxembourgish
    English widely spoken


    Temperate: From May to mid-October, the temperatures are particularly pleasant. Whereas May and June are the sunniest months, July and August are the hottest. In September and October, Luxembourg often experiences its own “Indian Summer”.


    Area: 2.586 sq kilometres / 999 sq miles
    Neighbouring countries: Germany, Belgium and France


    Form of government: Constitutional Monarchy under a system of Parliamentary Democracy
    Head of State: HRH Grand Duke Henri


    Total population: 576,000 inhabitants (1st January 2016)

    Time zone


    Capital city

    Luxembourg-city: 115,000 inhabitants (1st January 2016)





    The Grand Duchy enjoys a temperate climate without extremes. It profits from the beneficial and moderating influence of the sea, but the sea winds (SW and NW) shed a great part of their moisture before reaching the Luxembourg frontiers. The period from May to mid-October is particularly suitable for vacations. While July and August are the warmest, May and June are the sunniest months. September and October often offer an "Indian Summer". For the celebrations by the end of the year the weather gets dry, cold and snowy.

    Money & Currency

    Officiel currency

    The official currency unit of Luxemburg is the euro. Foreign travellers are free to import and export notes and other means of payment in euro or foreign currencies without any restriction. Lots of automatic bank terminals are accessible 24 hours a day.

    Convertible units can be exchanged at the office windows of the large banks. Over 150 banks welcome international investors, focussing on asset management. Though the banks have no standard opening hours, most of them are open from Monday through Friday between 9 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. Some offices open on Saturdays.

    Credit cards (VISA, MasterCard, American Express, etc.) are generally accepted everywhere.

    Tax free

    In many retail shops in Luxembourg-City, the value added tax (VAT) can be deducted from the products’ prices for travellers residing outside the EC.

    >>> – section "Voyages"

    Western Union

    Fast money transfer service throughout the world, available amongst others at the Post Office.



    For information about passports and visas, please contact:

    Ministère des Affaires étrangères
    5, rue Notre-Dame | L-2240 Luxembourg
    Phone +352 247-8300 | Fax +352 22 29 07


    Tourists (travellers) who come from a member state of the European Union, and who enter the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, can import, duty-free, within the limits of the quantities mentioned hereafter, the products subject to duty, under the condition that:

    • they transport the products themselves
    • the products will be used by themselves or their family members
    • the products have been bought according to the market conditions prevailing in the European Union


    800 pieces (*) spirits >22% alcohol degree 10 l (*)
    cigarillos 400 pieces (*) intermediate products 20 l (*)
    cigars 200 pieces (*) wine (of which a max. of 60l sparkling wine) 90 l (*)
    tobacco 1 kg (*) beer 110 l (*)
    other articles no limit  

    (*) Travellers under 17 years of age are not allowed to import such products.

    Please note: If the travellers land directly at the airport of Luxembourg, coming from a region which is not part of the duty territory and/or VAT territory of the European Union (e.g. the Canary Islands), the quantities are reduced as described hereafter.

    Tourist (travellers) who come from a third party country (not a member state of the European Union) are allowed the following duties:

    cigarettes 200 pieces spirits >22% alcohol degree 1 l
    or cigarillos 100 pieces or spirits < 22% alcohol degree, sparkling wine 2 l
    or cigars 50 pieces   
    or tobaco 250 gr    
    Those products cannot be accumulated Those products cannot be accumulated
    perfume 50 gr AND quiet wines 2 l
    medicine personal needs toilet water 0,25 l
        other articles 175 € (*)

    (*) For travellers under 15 years: 90 €.

    We would like to draw the attention of our readers to the fact that the import of living animals and plants and of products of wild fauna or flora (with regard to extinction) regulated by the Convention of Washington, is almost totally forbidden, with the exception of some cases stated by law. To avoid all problems (confiscation of goods) at your arrival, we advise you not to buy or transport those kinds of products (e.g. made from ivory, coral, orchids, etc.). If in doubt, please make inquiries at the customs authorities beforehand.

    Road vehicles admitted without customs documents

    Temporary importation of any road vehicles, including carvans and trailers, applies in the following cases:

    • if they are imported by a person established outside the customs area of the European Union and
    • if they are used for their private use and
    • if they are registered outside the customs area of the European Union in the name of a person established outside the Union.

    Vehicles imported temporarily without payment of duty may be driven by persons other than the owner or the holder of the vehicle documents, provided that they normally reside abroad. If re-exportation is not guaranteed, these vehicles may stay in the customs area of the European Union for a continuous or non-continuous period of 6 months in any twelve-month period. In this case, temporary importation shall be allowed without payment of bonds or compliance with formalities. The same provision applies to leisure aircraft registered for international travel and pleasure boats.

    This simplification of customs procedures also applies to spare parts, accessories and equipment normally imported with the means of transport.

    Road vehicles for which customs documentation is required

    This applies to vehicles which do not simultaneously fulfil all the conditions mentioned above. Temporary importation is allowed provided that the appropriate single customs documents IM5, EU5, COM5 or a travel carnet or a triptyque is at hand.

    Luggage of persons established abroad

    Temporary exemption from customs duties and taxes shall apply to personal effects of travellers from third countries and transported about their person or in their luggage:

    Clothing, underclothes and toilet articles, the objects listed below:

    • personal jewellery,
    • two cameras plus a reasonable quantity of film and accessories,
    • two cine-cameras plus a reasonable quantity of film,
    • one portable projector for cine films or transparencies,
    • a pair of binoculars,
    • a portable musical instrument,
    • a portable record player with records,
    • a portable sound recording or playback machine (including dictaphone) with tapes,
    • a portable radio,
    • a portable television set,
    • a portable video camera and recorder,
    • a portable typewriter,
    • a portable calculator,
    • a portable computer,
    • a wheelchair,
    • a baby carriage,
    • sports equipment such as a tent or other camping equipment, fishing tackle, mountaineering equipment, two hunting weapons with cartridges, bicycle without engine, canoe or kayak less than 5,5 m long, skis, tennis rackets, wind surfing board and accessories, hang-glider.
    • a portable dialysis machine and similar medical equipment as well as disposable articles imported to be used with this equipment.
    • Other objects are only admitted with a temporary customs document, on deposit of any duties and taxes involved.

    Goods from the customs area of the European Union, but not belonging to the fiscal territory, are admitted on exemption, provided that:

    • they are destined for re-exportation, without undergoing any procession.
    • they are in free circulation in the exporting country,
    • they were acquired according to the tax conditions of the internal market, and did not benefit from any exemption whatever,
    • they are not consumable goods,
    • they belong to a person established outside the fiscal territory of the European Union.

    However, temporary tax-free admission is not granted if the goods were not acquired in accordance with the taxation rules in that country, or have benefited from any exemption whatever, and the importer is not entitled to deduct the tax already paid.

    Personal effects coming from the VAT territory of the European Union are admitted without any restriction, provided they have not benefited from any exemption whatever.

    Public holidays



    01/01/2017 - New Year's Day
    17/04/2017 - Easter Monday
    01/05/2017 - Labour Day
    25/05/2017 - Ascension
    23/06/2017 - National Holiday
    15/08/2017 - Assumption
    01/11/2017 - All-Saint's Day
    25/12/2017 - Christmas Day
    26/12/2017 - St Stephen's Day/Boxing Day
    01/01/2018 - New Year's Day
    02/04/2018 - Easter Monday
    01/05/2018 - Labour Day
    10/05/2018 - Ascension
    23/06/2018 - National Holiday
    15/08/2018 - Assumption
    01/11/2018 - All-Saint's Day
    25/12/2018 - Christmas Day
    26/12/2018 - St Stephen's Day/Boxing Day

    School Holidays

    School Year 2016/2017

    The school year begins on Thursday, 15th September, 2016, and ends on Friday, 14th July, 2017.

    • The All Saints' Holidays begin on Saturday, 29 October 2016, and end on Sunday 6 November 2016;
    • The Christmas holidays begin on Saturday, December 24, 2016, and end on Sunday, January 8, 2017;
    • The carnival holidays begin on Saturday, 18 February 2017, and end on Sunday 26 February 2017;
    • The Easter holidays begin on Saturday, April 8, 2017, and end on Sunday, April 23, 2017;
    • Public holiday: Monday, May 1, 2017;
    • Ascension Day: Thursday, May 25, 2017;
    • The Whitsun holidays begin on Saturday, 3 June 2017, and end on Sunday 11 June 2017;
    • Official holiday on the occasion of the celebration of the birthday of the Grand Duke: Friday, June 23, 2017;
    • The summer holidays begin on Saturday 15 July 2017, and end on Thursday 14 September 2017.


    School Year 2017/2018

    The school year begins on Friday, 15th September, 2017, and ends on Friday, 13th July, 2018.

    • The All Saints' Holidays begin on Saturday, 28 October 2017, and end on Sunday, November 5, 2017;
    • The Christmas holidays begin on Saturday, 16 December 2017, and end on Monday 1 January 2018;
    • The carnival holidays begin on Saturday, 10 February 2018, and end on Sunday, February 18, 2018;
    • The Easter holidays begin on Saturday, March 31, 2018, and end on Sunday, April 15, 2018;
    • Public Holiday: Tuesday, May 1st 2018;
    • Ascension Day: Thursday, May 10, 2018;
    • The Whitsun holidays begin on Saturday, 19 May 2018, and end on Sunday 27 May 2018;
    • Official holiday on the occasion of the celebration of the birthday of the Grand Duke: Saturday, 23 June 2018;
    • The summer holidays begin on Saturday, 14 July 2018, and end on Sunday 16 September 2018.

    Emergency calls

    Police Grand-Ducale
    Phone 113 -

    Medical and fire rescue
    Phone 112

    On-duty pharmacies
    Phone 112 -